5 March, 2022
World Archaeological Congress Statement
on the Invasion of Ukraine by the armed forces of the Russian Federation as ordered by
President Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin
As a community of archaeologists of the world, the World Archaeological Congress opposes the
violation of basic human rights and condemns the use of force in any form for solving political
disputes. We, therefore, condemn the invasion of Ukraine by the armed forces of the Russian
Federation as ordered by President Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin in the strongest possible terms
and demand the immediate withdrawal of these forces.
We note that the self-justification that President Putin presented for the invasion specifically
includes claims about the Ukrainian past which we as archaeologists who study the past identify
as false and historically untrue. We abhor the use of such claims about the past to justify any action
that violates basic human rights, international law, and the sovereign independence of nations.
WAC, therefore, stands in solidarity with all those who protest this aggression.
We are extremely concerned about the wellbeing of our Ukrainian colleagues and citizens, and
wish all our colleagues in affected territories well in these very difficult times. We wholeheartedly
thank the authorities and all those involved in refugee protection for their extraordinary efforts,
and ask them to ensure that all those who are displaced are given equal protection, irrespective of
their nationality, gender, ethnicity or any other factor.
Finally, as a world archaeological organization, WAC urges the forces involved to consider, among
their concerns, appropriate strategies to protect Ukraine’s heritage and to follow the Hague
Conventions on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (1954) and the
First (1954) and Second Protocols (1999). WAC urges them to avoid strike in any archaeological
and cultural heritage sites and to keep military operations away from their immediate surroundings.
The importance of human life and the principle of compliance with basic human rights takes
precedence over all others. At the same time, cultural heritage is one of the fundamental conditions
for the existence and wellbeing of human societies and cultures, therefore constitutes an
irreplaceable component of basic human rights.
President of the World Archaeological Congress
CONTACT PERSON: Professor Koji Mizoguchi (WAC President), Kyushu University, Faculty of
Social and Cultural Studies, 744 Moto’oka, Nishi Ward, Fukuoka 819-0395, JAPAN Email: