8th World Heritage USA International Symposium

Expressing Heritage Sites Values to Foster Conservation, Promote Community Development, and Educate the Public

May 5 – 8, 2005
Charleston, South Carolina

Hosted and co-sponsored and by the Historic Charleston Foundation and in partnership with the Getty Conservation Institute.  With the support of the Samuel H. Kress Foundation and Institutional Sponsors the National Trust Southeast Regional Officer, Clemson University, The Fleming Charitable Trust II, and Robins Kaplan Miller & Ciresi.



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Welcome and Introductory Remarks
John Fowler
Chairman, World Heritage USA Board of Trustees

Katherine Robinson
Executive Director, Historic Charleston Foundation

Jonathan Poston
Director of Preservation and Museum Services, Historic Charleston Foundation

Mayor Joe Riley
Mayor, Charleston, South Carolina

Robert Rosen
Historian, Charleston, South Carolina


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Session 1– Philosophy and Policy
Neil Silberman (US and Belgium)
Digesting the Past: Interpretation and the European Heritage Industry

Boguslaw Szmygin (Poland)
Interpretation as a Factor Altering Conservation Doctrine: The Case for Reconstruction and Rebuilding

Andrew Hall (South Africa)
From Nationalism to National Identity: The Anglo – Boer South African War – Reinterpreting Old Heritage for the New South Africa

Karen Moon (UK and Tanzania)
Ownership Conflicts and Heritage Interpretation in Uganda and Tanzania

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Session 2 – Technologies & Techniques of
Presentation and Interpretation

Ron Fleming (USA)
Introduction to Session 2.  The Art of Place Making

James Conlon (USA)
The Virtual Indian Ocean: Expressing the Significance of Tarim, Yemen, through new Media

Dawson Munjeri (Zimbabwe)
Expressing them as it should be: Welcome Them Aboard

Martha Zierden (USA)
Archaeology and Heritage Interpretation in Charleston, South Carolina

Randolph Langenbach (USA)
Ruins of Piranesi – Ruins over Time: The Presentation and Interpretation of Ruined Monuments



Field Tours
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See Field Tour Descriptions
1-A Charleston Architecture Walking Tour
1-B African-American/Gullah Walking Tour
2 Auldbrass Plantation – Beaufort Tour
3 Cooper River Historic District Tour
4 Ashley River Tour


Morning    World Heritage USA Annual Meeting



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Session 3 – Case Studies (2 Concurrent sessions)

John Hurd (UK)
Towards a Regime for the Sustainable, Ethically, Regionally Maintainable Conservation of Large Archaeological Sites on the Silk Road

Norma Barbacci and Mark Weber (USA – World Monuments Fund)
Experiences of the World Monuments Fund in Balancing Interpretation with Preservation

Arlene Fleming (World Bank)
Heritage Interpretation in Projects Financed by the World Bank: Challenges and Complexities

Peter Romey (Australia)
Interpreting the Cultural Palimpsest at Port Arthur, Tasmania

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Geoffrey Parnell (UK)
The Tower of London and the Creation of a Victorian Myth
Axel Klausmeier (Germany)
Commemorating the Uncomfortable: the Insecure Future of the Relics, Remnants and Traces of the Historical Landscape Formerly Known as the Berlin Wall

Steve Farneth and David Quan (USA)
Angel Island Immigration Station: International Place of Memory

Joanne Burgess (Canada)
Understanding and Interpreting the Past of an Urban Commercial District: Examining the Recent Experience of Old Montreal

Session 4 – Targeting and Widening Audiences through Interpretation (2 Concurrent Sessions)


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Diana Henriquez de Fernandez and Maria Eugenia Bacci
Parque del Este , Caracas, Venezuela
W. Brown Morton III (USA)
The Memorial of Moses at Mount Nebo, Jordan: Facing a Difficult Future

Katarina Voskova (Slovakia)
A Training & Education Centre for Improving the Preservation and Better Interpretation of Banska Stiavnika, a World Heritage Town

Kaisa Barthulli (USA)
Interpretation of the Route 66 Cultural Corridor

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Mary Slater (USA)
Interpreting Native American Ruins in the Southwestern United States: Perceptions of Significance and Value in a Post-Romantic Age
Anne Ketz (USA)
Dakota Stories and Places: Collaborations with and New Interpretations of a Neglected Community

Ned Kaufman (USA)
Using Historic Sites to Interpret Racially Diverse Experience: Proposals Drawn from a National Study

Cynthia Porcher (USA)
Low Country Gullah Special Study



Bacci, Maria Eugenia (Venezuela)
Parque del Este , Caracas, Venezuela (with Maria Eugenia Bacci)

Maria Eugenia Bacci, Venezuelan arquitect, received a Masters Degree in Tourism Planning from George Washington University, Washington DC 1979, and was a Consultant for the Interamerican Development Bank IDB (Dominican Republic Tourism Plan 1989-1990), Organization of American States OAS (Saint Kitts & Nevis Tourism Master Plan 1991 and El Salvador Tourism Strategy 1993), UNESCO (Tourism and Cultural Legal framework, Perú 1998 and Venezuelan World Heritage Program Overview 2004), European Union (Venezuelan Tourism Marketing Plan 1993 and Development of Tourism Products in Perú 1998), among others. Executive Director of the Venezuelan Cultural Patrimony Institute – IPC (Enero 2001 – Junio 2003). She is a member of ICOMOS Venezuela.

Barbacci, Norma (USA – World Monuments Fund)

Experiences of the World Monuments Fund in Balancing Interpretation with Preservation (with Mark Weber)

Norma Barbacci has been with the World Monuments Fund since 2001 as Director of Programs and Senior Project Manager.  She received a Bachelor of Architecture in 1983 from Carnegie Mellon University and a Master of Science in Historic Preservation with a concentration in Design in 1987 from Columbia University. With the WMF, Ms. Barbacci coordinates all Programs Department programs, projects, and key activities; she also manages a variety of field projects in Latin American and Spain.

Prior to the World Monuments Fund, she worked with Beyer Blinder Belle Architects and Plannes, LLC as Senior Project Manager, Associate, and Studio Director.  There, she managed a variety of architectural, preservation, adaptive re-use and conservation projects.  Ms. Barbacci, a registered architect in New York, has given numerous presentations on a variety of preservation-related topics and activities.

Barthulli, Kaisa (USA)

Interpretation of the Route 66 Cultural Corridor

Burgess, Joanne (Canada)

Understanding and Interpreting the Past of an Urban Commercial District:
Examining the Recent Experience of Old Montreal

Joanne Burgess, Ph.D., history (Université du Québec à Montréal) teaches in the History Department of the Université du Québec à Montréal, in Montreal, where she also supervises the graduate programme in public history. Her area of specialization is the economic and social history of Canada. Her publications and research focus more particularly on industrialization and work in urban Quebec in the 19th and 20th centuries, as well as the transformation of commerce and consumption in the Victorian era. A current project involves the study of Montreal’s warehouse district in the mid-nineteenth century. It explores the relationship between changing commercial practices and the new commercial buildings which appeared in the city’s commercial district between 1850 and 1880.

Joanne Burgess is also interested in the relationship between history, museums and heritage. She has worked closely with provincial heritage organizations, contributed to virtual exhibits and served as the curator of a number of exhibits, including Une pinte d’histoire. Le lait à Montréal (Milk in the City). She has also written on ethical and legal issues relating to the practice of history. She served as president of the organization representing Quebec historians, the Institut d’histoire de l’Amérique, from 1997 à 1999, and has played an active role within various professional associations. She has served on the editorial board of a number of academic journals. She currently is a member of the Board of Directors of Canada’s National History Society, a non-profit organization committed to popularizing Canadian history.

Conlon, James (USA)

The Virtual Indian Ocean: Expressing the Significance of Tarim, Yemen, through new Media

James Conlon is an educational technologist and architectural conservator at the Visual Media Center, Columbia University in New York. His academic and professional interests began with the social history of the Near East in the early modern period and have grown to include the contemporary relevance of the region’s material legacy. Although most of his professional projects have been centered in this part of the world, he now explores the broader issues of experimenting with different modes of representation to better express, teach and live with change in the built environment. James has spoken and published on a broad range of subjects, from conservation theory and practice to the psychology of the viewing subject during the war on terror. Fulbright, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the National Science Foundation, and the Samuel H. Kress Foundation among others have supported his work

Farneth, Stephen (USA)

Angel Island Immigration Station: International Place of Memory (with David Quan)

Steve Farneth is an architect and a nationally-recognized leader in historic preservation architecture.  He is co-founder and principal of Architectural Resources Group, a San Francisco-based firm specializing in cultural resources.  Steve directs the firm’s architecture group, focusing on major rehabilitation projects and new design in historic settings.  For the past 20 years he has worked with repeat clients on numerous historic preservation projects, including Stanford University, the National Park Service, and Rancho Los Alamitos Historic Site in Long Beach, California.  He is currently Project Principal on the rehabilitation of the Angel Island Immigration Station, in San Francisco Bay.  His international experience includes consulting on preservation projects in Italy, Nepal, China, and most recently, working with the Asia Society on an adaptive re-use project in Hong Kong.  Steve is a Board of Trustees member of World Heritage USA.

Fleming, Arlene (World Bank)

Heritage Interpretation in Projects Financed by the World Bank: Challenges and Complexities

Arlene K. Fleming is a cultural resource specialist with masters’ degrees in archaeology/cultural history from Bryn Mawr College, and in communications from New York University.  For the past fifteen years, her work in developing and directing projects has focused on bringing new financial resources, technologies and approaches to the field of international cultural heritage conservation and management, within the context of social and economic development.

At The World Bank, Ms. Fleming has participated in the creation of a lending initiative for culture and development, which has included work on projects in Turkey, Tunisia and Morocco, and serving as manager of a project in Eritrea.  In addition, her responsibilities include re-formulating the policy for safeguarding physical cultural resources in all Bank-financed development projects, and developing tools for implementing the policy.  Previously, Ms. Fleming participated in cultural heritage conservation projects sponsored by the World Monuments Fund, the Getty Conservation Institute, UNESCO, the U.S. Department of Defense, the Forest Service, the National Park Service and the Agency for International Development. In addition, she worked on projects for several United Nations agencies and the U.S. Congress Office of Technology Assessment.

Early in her career, Ms. Fleming served on the exhibit planning staff of the Smithsonian Institution and the New York State Museum. During the 1970s, as a senior staff member at the U.S. National Endowment for the Humanities, she created and directed the agency’s evaluation program. In 1995, USAID commissioned her to write a report on: Addressing USAID Objectives through Cultural Heritage Conservation, illustrating the relationship of cultural heritage to economic growth, civil society and environmental protection.  Ms. Fleming is a former Treasurer and Board member of World Heritage USA.

Fleming, Ron (The Townscape Institute)


Hall, Andrew (South Africa)

From Nationalism to National Identity: The Anglo – Boer South African War,
Reinterpreting Old Heritage for the New South Africa

Andrew Hall is a South Africa historic preservationist who in 1983 graduated from Johannesburg’s University of the Witwatersrand with BA and Honours degrees in history.  He then worked at Pilgrim’s Rest Site Museum where his interest in historic preservation developed.  There was at the time no South African programme in this field so he applied to study abroad, was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship and received an MS degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1988.  Returning to South Africa, he took up the KwaZulu-Natal Provincial Manager’s post at the then National Monuments Council and following unbanning of the African National Congress served in the museums and heritage branch of its cultural policy commission in the lead up to democratic elections in 1996.   Thereafter he participated in various national and provincial heritage policy initiatives and was a member of the panel that drafted new national heritage legislation.  He was thereafter the first Chief Executive Officer of South Africa’s post-apartheid heritage authority, SAHRA.

In 1996 he was the founder Chairperson of ICOMOS South Africa and has since served on the international Executive of the organisation and as President of its Advisory Committee.  He represented South Africa in the drafting of UNESCO’s new Intangible Cultural Heritage Convention and presently serves as Director for Museums, Archives and Libraries in the Northern Cape Province.

Henriquez de Fernandez, Diana (Venezuela)
Parque del Este , Caracas, Venezuela (with Maria Eugenia Bacci )

Diana Henriquez de Fernandez is an architect and landscape architect.  She is a member of the Venezuelan Society of Landscape Architects (President 1999-2000 and 2002-2004 and Vice President 1995-1999) and a full member of the American  Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA).  She has been the IFLA delegate for Venezuala since 1995.  She has worked on diverse projects oriented toward the conservation of Parque del Este since 1990 and has been the co-owner of a small landscape architecture firm since 1992.  She also has worked with the Landscape Architecture Masters Degree Program in the Universidad Central de Venezuela since 1992.

Hurd, John (UK)

Towards a Regime for the Sustainable, Ethically, Regionally Maintainable
Conservation of Large Archaeological Sites on the Silk Road

Following a B.Sc. in the Geology of Clays, John took a year out in Asia, which lasted four years. On his return to the UK, he worked a furniture, ‘surface treatments’ apprenticeship in London and together with other craftsmen, re-established the London Furniture Hospital.  Following a two-year Conservation Science diploma with Kate Foley in Lincoln, and  an ‘objects’ higher National diploma, including placements in the department of Sculpture conservation at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, John took a partnership at Lincoln Conservation studio. This was an ‘objects’ conservation atelier, which dealt with ‘moveable’ objects, including huge architectural maquettes, Sculpture and architectural embellishments.

In 1990, English National Trust asked John to conserve an earth cottage. At this point John’s educational disciplines and passions collided, and he has since concentrated on the conservation of earth structures, objects and places. John Hurd Conservation, which then developed, employed a large conservation team undertaking work on earth structures and objects, standing and archaeological across the UK spreading overseas to Central Asia and China by the late 1990s.

John went off alone in 2000 to form Hurd Conservation International, an International field consultancy, busy with projects across Asia for several International agencies, he is a senior conservation consultant to UNESCO, division of Cultural Heritage, on the Silk Roads cities of Central Asia. John Hurd chaired the ICOMOS National earth scientific committee from 1994-2000, and was appointed as Chair of ICOMOS. Transitional, ISCEAH in 2004.  John has a deep commitment to education.

Kaufman, Ned (USA)

Using Historic Sites to Interpret Racially Diverse Experience: Proposals Drawn from a National Study

With a Ph.D. in architectural history (Yale University), Ned Kaufman has taught at the University of Chicago, Columbia University, and elsewhere, and served as guest curator for the inaugural exhibition of the Canadian Centre for Architecture. From 1989 to 2000 he was director of historic preservation at the Municipal Art Society of New York, where he led successful campaigns to save Ellis Island’s historic buildings and organized an international design competition for a memorial to New York’s African Burial Ground. In 1996 he published History Happened Here, a comprehensive plan to protect and interpret New York’s historic sites. In 1998 he founded Place Matters, a partnership between the MAS and City Lore, dedicated to identifying and protecting places of community memory and tradition. Dr. Kaufman served as co-director until 2000.

Since 2000, Dr. Kaufman has worked as a consultant in heritage conservation. His policy studies include assessments of the heritage preservation needs of diverse racial and ethnic groups (National Park Service) and of the impact of land-use policies on the preservation of cultural traditions (Nathan Cummings Foundation). He has also organized educational programs, advised on museum exhibitions, and directed preservation planning charrettes. Dr. Kaufman publishes and lectures widely and, in 2002, was selected by the State Department to represent the United States at two international symposia on heritage conservation held in Buenos Aires.

Dr. Kaufman currently serves as founding coordinator of Pratt Institute’s Graduate Program in Historic Preservation, launched in 2004. He lives and works in New York City.

Ketz, Anne (USA)

Dakota Stories and Places: Collaborations with and New Interpretations of a Neglected Community

Anne Ketz’s career in cultural resources management and planning extends over 25 years.  Her experience covers the United States, Great Britain, India, Israel, and Canada.  Anne has a recognized expertise in guiding clients through the maze of preservation legislation at federal, state, and local levels.  Anne’s sensitivity to others, combined with her strong sense of diplomacy, has brought successful conclusions to complex and potentially controversial projects.  She has worked closely with American Indian elders to ensure respect for their heritage in planning development.  Recently she managed the interpretive programming plan development for the Minneapolis Riverfront.  Her work with indigenous communities has also included consultation with Dakota elders in order to evaluate island and cave sites as potential traditional cultural properties, and to determine how the tribe’s traditional beliefs about the significance of these sites could be appropriately incorporated into the City of St. Paul’s plans and designs for parks.

Anne has also managed numerous cultural resource studies for both the Prairie Island Dakota Community and the Shakopee Mdewakanton Dakota Community.  She has not been afraid to take on controversial projects.  Throughout her career, Anne has demonstrated a unique commitment to the community through public speaking, publications of popular materials on historic and archaeological resources, media interviews, teaching school programs, volunteer and intern training, tutoring in archaeology, and the design and installation of museum displays.

Klausmeier, Axel (Germany)

Commemorating the Uncomfortable: the Insecure Future of the Relics, Remnants
and Traces of the Historical Landscape Formerly Known as the Berlin Wall

Born in Essen, Germany, Dr. Klausmeier, after an apprenticeship in Gardening, went on to study History of Art, and Medieval and Modern History at the Universities of Bochum, Munich, and Berlin. He received a Master of Arts in 1995 with a dissertation on the landscape garden at Wörlitz and in 1999 and a Doctor of Philosophy with a paper written on the oeuvre of the English architect Thomas Ripley (1682-1758). From 1999 – 2001, he worked on an internship for the Garden Administration at Potsdam Sanssouci for the Foundation for Prussian Palaces and Gardens Berlin-Brandenburg.

Since April 2001 he has been employed as assistant professor at the Department of Architectural Conservation at the BTU Cottbus, Germany.  His main areas of research are conservation and preservation of garden monuments, history of art in gardening, history of architecture, and the preservation of the remains and traces of the Berlin Wall.  He is the author of numerous publications on the history of gardening, the conservation and preservation of historic gardens and on conservation issues related to the Berlin Wall.

Lamei, Saleh (Egypt)

Heritage for Peace

Prof. Saleh Lamei born in 1935 in Cairo.
Bsc. in Architecture from Ain Shams University; Cairo, Egypt, in 1956.
Dipl. -Ing., Aachen University, Germany , in 1963.
Dr.-  Ing. from the Technical University  Aachen , Dept. Germany, 1966
Professor for  Islamic Architecture and Restoration, Arab University, Beirut Lebanon, 1976-84.
Dean of school  of  Architecture 1982-84.

From 1984  he had been chosen as a member of Specialized National Councils; Council for National Heritage in Egypt; he also became a member of the UNESCO International  Committee for the Preservation  of  the  Cultural  properties,  Old  City  of Jerusalem.

Since 1984 Prof. Lamei is the general Director of  the Centre for Conservation & Preservation of  Islamic Architectural Heritage. The only registered centre in the domain of  Islamic Architecture & restoration in Egypt and the Middle East (register No.350 at the Egyptian Engineering syndicate).  From 1991 till present Prof.Lamei is the consultant of  Hariri foundation-Lebanon in the  field of Heritage Conservation.

Prof. Lamei is a former member of the Lebanese and Egyptian National Committee of ICOMOS and member of ICOMOS International Executive Committee (Paris), from 1993 until 2002. Representing  Egypt in The Arab Supreme Council for Cultural Heritage, 2004. He was awarded six awards from different International and Arab Organizations Beside his publications in Arabic, he published in English, and German too.

Prof. Lamei supervised many M. A. & P.H.D. dissertations in Egyptian & Foreign Universities. He was also visiting Professor at different Arab and Foreign Universities. Since 1975 he also carried on many evaluation missions in the field of cultural Heritage for both UNESCO and ICOMOS in different Middle  East countries.

Langenbach, Randolph (USA)

Ruins of Piranesi – Ruins over Time: The Presentation and Interpretation of Ruined Monuments

Randolph Langenbach first became known as a documentary photographer and writer because of his work documenting the textile mill towns of New England and landscapes of the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain.  His groundbreaking work on the Amoskeag Mills in Manchester N.H. resulted in a series of exhibitions and the book, Amoskeag, Life and Work in an American Factory City, co-authored with Tamara Hareven, published in 1978 and still in print.  Later, his exhibition in England at the Royal Institute of British Architects, and the companion book Satanic Mills, published by SAVE Britain’s Heritage, contributed to changes in British government policy away from systematic demolition of historic 19th Century textile mills.

From 1984 to 1991, he was Assistant Professor of Architecture at the University of California, Berkeley where he began his research project to investigate the seismic vulnerability and methodologies for the strengthening of historic masonry buildings.  From 1992 until 2004 he was a Senior Analyst at the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Over the course of the past twenty years, Langenbach has undertaken research on traditional construction in earthquake areas, a project that has included many sites in Europe, Asia and Central America.  He has also served as a consultant on this subject to UNESCO in Turkey, Georgia and India; and to the World Monuments Fund in Bam, Iran.

In 2002, he was awarded the National Endowment for the Arts Rome Prize Fellowship in Historic Preservation at the American Academy in Rome for his international research and writing on traditional construction in earthquake areas, and it was during this fellowship that he created and produced the Piranesi Project: A Stratigraphy of Views of Rome.  His work can be found on the web at www.conservationtech.com.

de Marco, Luisa (Italy)

Heritage Interpretation and Authenticity in the Perspective of Time

Ms. de Marco is with the Polytechnic of Turin – Regional Directorate for the Protection of Architectural property and Landscape of Liguria  She was born and raised in Italy; she graduated at the School of Architecture, University of Genoa, where she afterwards earned a Master in Conservation of Monuments. Since 2000, she has been employed by the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities, Regional Directorate for the Protection of Architectural property and Landscape of Liguria. There she has prevalently worked in the sector of financial resources management for heritage conservation, while participating in various internal research and conservation works on Ligurian monuments, among which it is worth mentioning the study for the development of the ‘Guidelines for the rehabilitation of rural buildings in the National Park of Cinque Terre’ and the associated pilot projects

She participated in various conferences and training courses on architectural and landscape conservation, the latest of which has been the Pilot International Workshop on Integrated Conservation of Territories & Landscapes of Heritage Values – ITUC02, organised by ICCROM in fall 2002. Since 1999, she has been collaborating with the DSA department of the School of Architecture- University of Genoa in various research and didactic activities, whose results has been published in several articles and in B. P. Torsello, S. F. Musso (ed.) (2003) ‘Tecniche di Restauro’, Turin, an inventory of conservation techniques for architectural conservation. In late 2003, Luisa De Marco took a sabbatical period to undertake doctoral studies in ‘Conservation of Architectural Property and Landscape’ by the Polytechnic of Turin, with a research on the notion of authenticity in the safeguard of built heritage and its prospects for its operational usefulness in conservation practice.

Moon, Karen (UK and Tanzania)

Ownership Conflicts and Heritage Interpretation in Uganda and Tanzania

Karen Moon is a historian of design and architecture. She has written on the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, including studies of the Scottish architect George Walton, and the Anglican cathedrals of Kampala, Uganda; and on contemporary architecture. She has worked in design for BBC Television and in museum curation and  exhibition development.  Since 1986, she has lived in the Caribbean, East Africa and the USA. From 1991, her work has focused increasingly on architectural and cultural heritage preservation. In Uganda she developed a particular concern for architectural heritage in the urban environment, developing walking tours, teaching and writing; and co-founded Uganda’s first historic buildings conservation society.

She currently lives in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, where she works as a consultant for architectural and cultural heritage. She has completed assignments for the World Bank, the Aga Khan Trust for Culture, the French Government development programme and the Government of Tanzania. She is presently working with the Antiquities Department, responsible for the visitor interpretation programme at the ancient Swahili port (now UNESCO World Heritage Site) of Kilwa Kisiwani in southern Tanzania.

Morton III, W. Brown (USA)

The Memorial of Moses at Mount Nebo, Jordan: Facing a Difficult Future

W. Brown Morton III, a World Heritage USA Fellow, is the Prince B. Woodard Chair of Historic Preservation at the University of Mary Washington in Fredericksburg, Virginia.  He was invited by the Franciscan Archaeological Institute to evaluate the Memorial of Moses at Mount Nebo and to make recommendations for its conservation and interpretation.  Morton’s recommendations were published in 2004 by the Studium Biblicum Franciscanum, Jerusalem in: M. Piccirillo (a cura di), Un progetto di copertura per il Memoriale di Mosè. A 70 anni dall’inizio dell’indagine archeologica sul Monte Nebo in Giordania (1933-2003) (SBF Collectio Maior 45), Jerusalem 2004. 336 pp.; Part I: Interventi di Restauro e Conservazione.

Munjeri, Dawson (Zimbabwe)

Expressing them as it should be: Welcome Them Aboard

Since 2002, Mr Dawson Munjeri is the Deputy Permanent Delegate of Zimbabwe to UNESCO. Prior to that for ten years he was the Chief Executive of National Museums and Monuments and organisation responsible for Zimbabwe’s movable and immovable heritage during his tenure of office, four sites were inscribed on the World Heritage List. It is a position he assumed having served that organisation as its Deputy Chief Executive for another ten years. Prior to that following degree studies at the Universities of Zimbabwe and Wales (Aberstywth – UK) he became the country’s first oral historian at the National Archives of Zimbabwe, a position held for eight years during which he built a strong collection of oral records.

An ICOMOS member since 1993, Mr Munjeri has been Chairperson of the ICOMOS Zimbabwe; Chairperson of ICOMOS SADC Region [a grouping of countries in Southern Africa]; Vice-President of ICOMOS International he was instrumental in bringing to Africa for the first time the 14th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium held at Victoria Falls in October 2003.

He was Zimbabwe’s Representative on the UNESCO World Heritage Committee (1997 – 2003) and was the committee’s Vice-President and Rapparteur in 2000 – 2001. He has contributed immensely to the implementation of the Convention for the Protection of Natural and Cultural Heritage in Africa by hosting the first Global Strategy Meeting in Harare in 1995 and the “Authenticity and integrity in an African context” meeting at Great Zimbabwe in 2000. he has been a resource person to global strategies meetings held in Amsterdam (1998), Benin and Tiwi (Kenya). During the period 2000 – 2004, he was part of the experts group that revised the operational guidelines for the implementation of the World Heritage Convention. He also served in the Intergovernmental Experts Group that drafted The Convention on the Safeguarding of intangible heritage and is also serving on the experts group drafting the convention on cultural contents and artistic expressions.

He has undertaken evaluation missions to a number of African countries as well as, on behalf of UNESCO and African countries, advising on formulating cultural policies and preparing World Heritage nomination dossiers. He has published 53 articles on a number of topics relating to tangible and intangible heritage, heritage management and museum-related topics. He is married with 4 children.

Parnell, Geoffrey (UK)

The Tower of London and the Creation of a Victorian Myth

Dr. Geoffrey Parnell is Keeper of Tower History at the Royal Armouries HM Tower of London.   Between 1974 and 1984 he worked as an archaeological consultant, primarily for the Ancient Monuments Branch of the Department of the Environment, undertaking investigations at the Tower of London, Hampton Court Palace and Windsor Castle.   In 1985 he joined English Heritage as an Inspector of Ancient Monuments and Historic Buildings, working with a multi-disciplined group of historians, architects and building conservators to advise on the care and presentation of the historic London government buildings and the metropolitan royal palaces.   During this period he worked on a number of prominent projects, including the restoration of the Queen’s House and Old Royal Observatory at Greenwich and the aftermath of the catastrophic fire at Windsor Castle.

In 1993 he joined the Royal Armouries to organise the re-presentation of the museum’s permanent displays at the Tower of London and to mount a series of temporary exhibitions.  His doctorial thesis, awarded in 1996, was on ‘The Buildings and Works of the Office of Ordnance at the Tower of London, 1660-1722’.   He has written extensively on aspects of post-medieval military history in England and North America and on the archaeology of the Tower of London and the history of its buildings and institutions.  Dr. Parnell is a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London.

Porcher, Cynthia (USA)

Low Country Gullah Special Study

Cynthia H. Porcher, a graduate of the University of South Carolina, is an independent consultant who works with special research projects for National Park Service, South Carolina Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism, and other organizations. Her research has focused on the Gullah/Geechee culture, the Underground Railroad, African-American  historic sites in SC, and family histories and lifestyles of both enslaved Africans and free people of color prior to the Civil War. She wrote the successful nomination for the Gullah/Geechee Coast to be named to the National Trust’s 11 Most Endangered List for 2005.

Porcher most recently served as principal investigator on the Low Country Gullah Special Resource Study, which was funded by legislation introduced by Congressman James Clyburn, D-SC. The purpose of the study was to determine whether or not the NPS might have a role in helping to preserve the Gullah/Geechee language and culture that exist along the coasts and  Sea Islands from just north of the NC/SC line to just south of the GA/FL line. As a result of the study, Clyburn introduced the Gullah/Geechee Cultural Heritage Act in the 2004 session and invited Porcher to testify in favor  of the bill. Since Congress adjourned before completing passage of the bill, Clyburn introduced a new bill in the 2005 session. The bill has passed the House and has been sent to the Senate.

Quan, David (USA)

Angel Island Immigration Station: International Place of Memory (with Stephen Farneth)

Daniel Quan is an interpretive planner, exhibition designer and architect with over thirty years of experience in museum planning and interpretive exhibit design. A graduate of the University of California, he holds AB and MA degrees in architecture, and is a licensed California architect. Dan spent eight years as the senior exhibit designer at the Lawrence Hall of Science at the University of California, where he was responsible for all major science exhibitions and building modifications. In 1977 he formed Daniel Quan Design, a multidisciplinary design firm specializing in exhibition design, interpretive planning, interior architecture, and graphic design.

He has built a national reputation for his firm’s work in the public arena, with completed projects in places such as Point Reyes National Seashore, Yellowstone National Park, Lincoln Home National Historic Site, the California State Capitol, and Seattle’s Pacific Science Center. He is currently the interpretive and education designer for the Angel Island Immigration Station project in San Francisco.  Dan’s interpretive experience spans a wide range of subjects, including natural history, cultural history, technology, and the physical sciences. Because public education is the focus of his work, many of his projects were developed with specific objectives such as promoting science to women and minorities, providing outreach to more diverse and under-served populations, and use of focus groups and community participants in planning, developing and evaluating interpretive projects.

Romey, Peter (Australia)

Interpreting the Cultural Palimpsest at Port Arthur, Tasmania

Peter Romey is the Director, Conservation and Infrastructure at the Port Arthur Historic Site in Tasmania, a Tasmanian Government Business Enterprise.  He is responsible for the conservation and interpretation of a cultural site that is of international significance, with an annual conservation budget of over $2m.  Prior to this current role he was the Manager of Heritage Conservation at the City of Sydney, and has also had extensive experience as a consultant in private practice.

He is a chartered architect and is a member National Executive Committee of Australia ICOMOS (Tasmanian State representative and Convenor of the Australia ICOMOS Publications Committee).  He was the Convenor for the 2004 national conference of Australia ICOMOS, entitled Loving it to Death: Sustainable Tourism at Historic Places.  He has also served on a number of advisory committees in the conservation field, including the Tasmanian Heritage Council Works and Assessment Committee, the NSW Heritage Council Archaeological Advisory Panel and the National Trust Architectural Advisory Committee.

Silberman, Neil (US and Belgium)

Keynote Speaker – Digesting the Past: Interpretation and the European Heritage Industry

Neil Silberman is the director of the Ename Center for Public Archaeology and Heritage Presentation in Belgium.  A former Guggenheim Fellow and a graduate of Wesleyan University, he is a contributing editor for Archaeology Magazine and frequent contributor to other archaeological and general-interest periodicals. His books include The Bible Unearthed (with Israel Finkelstein, Free Press 2001); Heavenly Powers (Penguin Putnam 1998); The Message and the Kingdom (with Richard A. Horsley, Putnam 1997); The Archaeology of Israel (with David A. Small, Sheffield 1995); Invisible America (with Mark P. Leone, Holt 1995); The Hidden Scrolls (Putnam 1994); A Prophet from Amongst You: The Life of Yigael Yadin (Addison-Wesley 1993); Between Past and Present (Holt 1989); and Digging for God and Country (Knopf 1982).  He has more than 25 years’ experience in the interpretation and presentation of archaeological, historical, and other heritage subjects to the general public in the United States, Europe, and the Mediterranean.  He has been on the staff of the Ename Center since 1998, consulting and working on projects in archaeology and heritage interpretation in Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Jordan, and Israel.

Slater, Mary (US)
Interpreting Native American Ruins in the Southwestern United States: Perceptions of Significance and Value in a Post-Romantic Age

Mary Slater is an architectural conservator with the United States National Park Service at Bandelier National Monument in New Mexico, where she directs the conservation of masonry pueblo sites and assists in the conservation of cavate pueblos at the park. Upon graduating with a BA in English from the University of Virginia, Mary began her career in historic preservation as a painter and restoration crew leader at Monticello, Home of Thomas Jefferson, from 1989 to 1993. In southern New Mexico she volunteered with Cornerstones Community Partnerships in the restoration of a 19th-century adobe church in Doña Ana. She also worked with an archaeological firm until 1997 documenting, assessing and treating historic ranching homesteads on White Sands Missile Range (including buildings and structures associated with the Trinity Site), and backfilling an adobe building at Fort Selden State Monument.

While attending the Graduate Program in Historic Preservation at the University of Pennsylvania, Mary participated in the conservation of archaeological sites at Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Mesa Verde National Park, and Cosa, Italy. Since receiving a MS in 1999, Mary has worked in the Southwestern United States to document and conserve earthen and stone architecture and cultural heritage at Mesa Verde National Park, Bandelier National Monument, Canyon de Chelly National Monument, Navajo National Monument, El Morro National Monument, Hovenweep National Monument, Tonto National Monument, Aztec Ruins National Monument, and San Antonio Missions National Historical Park.

Szmygin, Boguslaw (Poland)

Interpretation as a Factor Altering Conservation Doctrine: The Case for Reconstruction and Rebuilding

Bogusaw Szmygin is Professor at the Lublin University of Technology (LUT) in Poland, wheer he also heads the Department of Architectural Monuments Conservation, LUT. Prof Szmygin specializes in issues of preservation and conservation of architectural monuments, with particular focus on conservation doctrine, historical towns revitalization, and historical towns rebuilding). He is the author of over 60 publications, the most relevant of which is Development of the Architectural Monument Concept and Conservation Doctrine in Poland in the XXth Century. Dr Szmygin is Vice-President of ICOMOS Poland, and was elected member of the Executive Committee of ICOMOS at the 13th General Assembly in Madrid.

Voskova, Katarina (Slovakia)

A Training & Education Centre for Improving the Preservation and Better Interpretation of Banska Stiavnika, a World Heritage Town

Katarina Voskova is the Director of the Banska Stiavnica Regional Office of the Ministry of Culture’s National Board for Monuments Preservation in Slovakia, where she is in charge of supervising the management and conservation of the Banska Staivnica World Heritage urban district.  Ms Voskova has participated in numerous international conferences and training initiatives, including the ICCROM international courses on Integrated Territorial and Urban Conservation in Rome and Vilnius and the TUSNAD Conferences of the Transylvanian Trust in Romania. Ms Voskova is a member of ICOMOS Slovakia and sits on the Board of the Associating for Banska Stiavnica, the Residences in the Banska Stiavnica Historic Centre Civic Association,  and the International Workshop Committee on Materials, techniques and technologies for the Preservation of the Built Heritage. Ms Voskova is also a former Intern of the World Heritage USA International Intern Exchange Program.  She has an architectural degree and specialized studies in preservation from the Slovak Technical University in Bratislava.

Weber, Mark (USA – World Monuments Fund)

Experiences of the World Monuments Fund in Balancing Interpretation with Preservation (with Norma Barbacci)

Mark Weber joined the World Monuments Fund in 1998 and is currently the Technical Director and field projects manager for WMF’s Field Programs Department.  Mr. Weber manages and directs a segment of WMF’s portfolio of actively funded conservation field projects in regions including Europe, South East Asia, and North Africa, assists with the planning and review of WMF’s country-wide conservation initiatives in India and Turkey, and monitors the work of building conservation specialists assisting WMF projects world-wide.

Prior to joining WMF, Mr. Weber served as the Director of the Technical Preservation Services Center, the major public outreach program at the New York Landmarks Conservancy, New York, NY.  Previously, Mr. Weber worked for the Preservation Society of Newport County, Newport R.I., and the Newport Restoration Foundation.  While in Newport he co-authored the book Newport Houses, Rizzoli International Publications, New York, N.Y., 1989.  Mr. Weber has a M. A. in Historic Preservation from Boston University’s Preservation Studies Program and a B.A. in Economics from the Whittemore School of Business and Economics at the University of New Hampshire.

Zierden, Martha (USA)

Archaeology and Heritage Interpretation in Charleston, South Carolina

Martha Zierden is Curator of Historical Archaeology at The Charleston Museum. She received an M.A. in anthropology from Florida State University. Her research focuses on evolution of the urban landscape, the social fabric of urban life, and the relations between urban, plantation and frontier residents of the 18th- to 19th-century Carolina Lowcountry. She is author and co-editor of “Charleston in the Context of Trans-Atlantic Culture” (Historical Archaeology 33(3), 1999) and Another’’s Country: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives on Cultural Interactions in the Southern Colonies (with J.W. Joseph, University of Alabama Press, 2002). Most recently, she was Curator of the special exhibition, Bountiful Coast: Foodways of the South Carolina Lowcountry (November 2004 –– September 2005 at The Charleston Museum).